The number of non-teaching staff in the United States (those employed by school systems but not serving as classroom teachers) has grown by 130 percent since 1970. Non-teachers—more than three million strong—now comprise half of the public school workforce. Their salaries and benefits absorb one-quarter of current education expenditures. 

The Hidden Half: School Employees Who Don’t Teach analyzes how school staffing has changed over the last half-century, what might be driving the trends, and whether these developments are financially sustainable or educationally wise.

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If you have questions about the book, please email Dara Zeehandelaar.

Matt Richmond is a research analyst at the Thomas B. Fordham Institute. Matt’s work incorporates an even mix of quantitative and qualitative methods, primarily on special education and school staffing patterns. Recently, his interests have included the Institute’s “pathways out of poverty” project and issues of 

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